Hepatitis C is a liver disease brought on by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can bring on both chronic and acute hepatitis, fluctuating in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, lifetime illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
Worldwide, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A significant number of those who are chronically affected will develop cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die annually from hepatitis C, mainly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral medicines can cure greater than 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, thereby reducing the chance of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but accessibility to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is ongoing.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both acute and chronic infection. Acute HCV infection is in most cases asymptomatic, and is only very hardly ever (if ever) associated with life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons automatically clear the virus within 6 months of infection without any treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will get chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your largest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. Yet this painstaking, supersized organ is susceptible to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the appearance of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most frequent liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease increases your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can result in an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Consuming too much alcohol can cause fat buildup in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main offender is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is associated with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, click here so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of this can be attributed to a habitual diet of more highly processed foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, together with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver here Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated liver nodules Massachusetts General Hospital. However, she adds that some folks with fatty livers have none of these risk issues, which suggests that genes can play a crucial role.
Creating healthy eating habits isn't as perplexing or as limiting as some people imagine. The fundamental steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Start on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.